The Catholic University of America

Social Security Totalization Agreements

Individuals who have careers in two or more countries are often concerned about paying into two different systems and potentially losing benefits. The United States has entered into Social Security Totalization Agreements with 20 countries to eliminate the need to pay social security taxes in both countries and protect the worker's eligibility for benefits in both systems. Social Security Totalization Agreements exists for the following countries:

Country

Effective Date

Australia

10/01/2002

Austria

11/01/1991

Belguim

07/01/1984

Canada

08/01/1984

Chile

12/01/2001

Finland

11/01/1992

France

07/01/1988

Germany

12/01/1979

Greece

09/01/1994

Ireland

09/01/1993

Italy

11/01/1978

Japan

10/01/2005

Luxembourg

11/01/1993

Netherlands

11/01/1990

Norway

07/01/1984

Portugal

08/01/1989

South Korea

04/01/2001

Spain

04/01/1988

Sweden

01/01/1987

Switzerland

11/01/1980

United Kingdom

01/01/1985

More information, including the complete text of these agreements are available on the Social Security Administration's website:

http://www.ssa.gov/international/totalization_agreements.html